INFORMATION : page. 331~340 / 2015 Vol.17 No.4
Purpose: This study was to develop and evaluate an individualized education program based on self-efficacy for patients with kidney transplantation in Korea. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The participants consisted of 43 patients who underwent kidney transplants at one hospital in Seoul, from July 2012 to April 2013. The experimental group received an individualized education based on self-efficacy in the hospital and follow-up telephone consultation in the 2nd and 3rd week after discharge. The control group received a routine discharge education. Knowledge, self-efficacy, and compliance related to kidney transplant were measured and analyzed by frequency, average, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, and χ2-test using SPSS Win 20.0. Results: Significant differences were found in self-efficacy between the experimental group and the control group. But no significant differences were found in knowledge and compliance between two groups. The scores of several items on monitoring health status in compliance were higher in the experimental group than those of the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate the fact that an education program based in self-efficacy for patients with kidney transplant would be effective in improving self-efficacy and the ability to monitor their health status.