INFORMATION : page. 48~54 / 2017 Vol.19 No.1
알코올은 뇌를 포함한 신체에 영향을 미치고 남용을 유발하는 대표적인 물질 중 하나이며, 알코올 섭취로 인한 알코올 관련장애(alcohol-related disorder)를 일으킨다. 알코올 관련장애는 알코올 사용장애(alcohol use disorder)와 알코올 유발장애(alcohol-induced disorder)로 나눌 수 있다.
Purpose: This study was done to identify the influence of severity of drinking problem, circadian rhythm and sleep quality in patients with alcohol use. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires from 139 patients with alcohol use disorder who were admitted to a psychiatric hospital in D city, Korea. The questionnaires included Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Composite Scale of Morningness (CMS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Korea sleep scale A. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions using the SPSS 20.0 program. Results: There was significant correlations among severity of problem drinking, circadian rhythm, sleep quality and sleep disorder. The significant factors influencing sleep disorder were severity of problem drinking(β=.12, p=.042), circadian rhythm(β=-.14, p=.039) and sleep quality(β=.63, p=<.001). This model explained 56% of variance in sleep disorder(F=57.34, p=<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the development of sleep intervention programs for alcohol use disorder patients needs to consider severity of alcohol use, circadian rhythm and sleep quality, and sleep assessment and intervention are needed the early stage of the treatment and recovery process.