Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects walking program with dance on gait, cognition, and risk of falls of elderly
with dementia in a long-term care hospital. Methods: Subjects consisted of 42 elderly with dementia in a long-term care hospital (21
elderly with dementia in an experimental group and 21 elders with dementia in a control group). Data were collected from March 14
to April 30, 2016. Subjects in the experimental group performed walking program with dance (three times a week, 30-50 minutes session,
18 sessions). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, paired t-test,
repeated measures ANOVA with the SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: The participants in the experimental group showed significantly increased
scores of cadence (F=8.36, p=.007) and improved scores of cognition (F=9.95, p=.003) compared the control group. Conclusion:
The findings indicate walking program with dance is recommend a regular exercise program to enhance the cadence associated
with walking speed and cognitive function elderly.
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