pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

An Integrative Review on Alterations of Sleep after Cataract Surgery


An Gyeong-Ju  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7634-8327 

INFORMATION : page. 12~21 / 2019 Vol.21 No.1


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review previous literature with an aim to explore the sleep disturbance level after a patient undergoes cataract surgery using an integrative review. Methods: We used the key words, ‘cataract surgery’, ‘sleep’ and ‘intraocular lens’ to find peer-reviewed publications in seven databases. Among 450 searched articles, eight articles were selected after exclusion of articles that did not meet the criteria. Results: Five of the articles submitted that subjective sleep quality of the patients with blue-filtering intraocular lens (BF-IOL) implant improved as compared to that before surgery. The change of saliva melatonin concentration after BF-IOL implant did not coincide in two of the articles. Two of the articles reported an increased level of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells response after BF-IOL implantation. Conclusion: The published studies stated that BF-IOL implant did not have any negative impact on quality of sleep among cataract patients suffering with poor sleep. Rregardless of intraocular lens type, cataract surgery may increase photoreception of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells one year after surgery although the mechanism was not clear. It is necessary to identify various factors influencing the quality of sleep such as gender and activities among cataract patients with BF-IOL implant in the future.

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