pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Comparison of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Status, Associated with Health Belief and Knowledge between Male and Female Highschool Students


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INFORMATION : page. 24~32 / 2013 Vol.15 No.1


ABSTRACT

인유두종 바이러스(Human Papillomavirus, HPV)는 100여 종 이상의 아형이 존재하며, 여성에게는 주로 자궁경부암을 남성에게는 음경암, 항문암, 구강암, 인두암, 생식기사마귀 등을 발생시키는 주요 감염원이다(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2010b; CDC, 2011b). 인유두종 바이러스의 전파경로는 주로 성교를 통한 직접접촉이나 낮은 빈도이긴 하나 구강-성기, 손-성기, 성기-성기 등을 통한 간접접촉으로도 전파가 가능하다. 따라서 대부분 첫 성경험이 시작되는 연령부터 감염이 증가하며, 미국의 경우 성생활을 하는 여성 중 적어도 50%가 인유두종 바이러스에 감염되는 것으로 보고되고 있으며, 남성에게도 비슷한 감염률이 보인다고 보고하고 있다(CDC, 2010b; Kim, Park, & Park, 2010). 우리나라의 인유두종 바이러스 감염률은 Shin 등(2004)의 연구에서 남녀 대학생의 생식기 감염률을 조사한 결과 남학생 10.6%, 여학생 38.8%로 이러한 감염률은 미국, 북유럽 수준으로 빠르게 증가하고 있다고 주장하고 있다.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination status associated with HPV health belief and knowledge between male and female highschool students. Methods: In the winter of 2012, 183 students responded to self-administered questionnaires, and t-test, χ2-test, and ANOVA were used for data analysis. Results: There were significant differences in the experiences of hearing about HPV vaccination, source of HPV information, experience of being vaccinated with HPV vaccination, reason for HPV unvaccination and vaccination intention by gender. The mean scores for health belief of HPV vaccination were 1.72 (total score: 4) in men and 2.31 in women. There were significant differences in HPV health belief (t=-5.14, p<.001). The mean scores for knowledge of HPV vaccination were 0.08 (total score: 1) in men and 0.12 in women, but there were no significant differences in HPV knowledge (t=-1.62, p=.108). There were positive associations between HPV health belief and knowledge in women (p=.02). Conclusion: This study showed different HPV vaccination status, health belief and knowledge in gender. The results indicate a need to consider levels of health belief and knowledge of HPV vaccination in target populations of highschool students when planning a HPV related education program.

Keyword :

Human papillomavirus,Vaccination,Health belief,Knowledge,인유두종 바이러스,백신,건강신념,지식


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