pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

The Effect of Self-Efficacy Promotion Smoking Cessation Program on the Amount of Smoking, CO, Urine Cotinine Level and Self-Efficacy for Adolescent Smokers


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INFORMATION : page. 103~111 / 2012 Vol.14 No.2


ABSTRACT

전국 중·고등학교 학생 흡연 실태조사 결과, 2005년에서 2008년까지의 흡연율이 여중생은 3.3%에서 2.2%로, 여고생은 6.5%에서 3.5%로 약간 감소하는 경향을 보이고 있으나 남학생의 경우에는 중학생이 4.2%에서 5.7%로, 고등학생은 15.7%에서 18.1%로 흡연율이 증가하고 있는 것으로 나타났다(Korean Association of Smoking & Health, 2008). 이와 같이 국내 청소년 흡연율은 꾸준히 증가하고 있음에도 불구하고, 2000년대 초반에 비해 청소년 흡연에 대한 사회적 관심은 다소 감소되는 추세이며 관련 연구논문 수도 줄어들고 있다는 연구결과가 있다(Kim & Jeong, 2010). 청소년기는 신체적, 정서적, 도덕적, 사회적으로 성인이 되기 위해 성장하는 중요한 과정이다. 이때에 청소년이 흡연을 하게 될 경우 세포, 조직, 장기가 미성숙하기 때문에 피해가 더욱 크며, 신체적, 심리적 니코틴 중독증에 더욱 깊이 빠지게 되고(Ryu, 2001), 사회적, 정서적 발달이 잘 이루어지 않아 많은 부작용이 나타난다. 특히, 청소년 흡연의 90%가 성인 흡연으로 이행되는 점을 감안한다면(Korean Association of Smoking & Health, 2010), 청소년 흡연자의 조기 금연을 유도하기 위한 노력이 절실히 요구된다고 하겠다.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of self-efficacy promotion of the smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking, carbon monoxide level, urine cotinine level and the smoking cessation self-efficacy of adolescent smokers. Methods: The subjects composed of 24 for the experimental group and 28 for the control group who were smoking adolescents at the Middle School in G city. The data collection was done from October 13 to November 18, 2010. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. This program was composed on the basis of Shin (1997)’s Self-Efficacy Promoting Program. The self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program was conducted for 2 hours per week, and lasted for 6 weeks on the experimental group. The control group had a general smoking program. Data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. T-test was used to analyze outcome measures. Results: The amount of smoking, CO level, urine cotinine level, and self efficacy level of the experimental group was significantly improved more than that of the control group after intervention. Conclusion: Therefore, self-efficacy promotion smoking cessation program for adolescent smokers can be recommended for smoking cessation of adolescents.

Keyword :

Self efficacy,Smoking cessation,Carbon monoxide,Cotinine,자기효능감,금연,일산화탄소,코티닌


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