pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Effects of Music Therapy on Pain and Depression in Terminal Cancer Patients


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INFORMATION : page. 48~57 / 2010 Vol.12 No.1


ABSTRACT

암은 한국 사람의 사망원인 중 1위를 차지하고 있는 질병으 로 1997년 인구 10만 명당 122.7명이던 사망률이 2007년에 는 137.5명으로 점점 증가하고 있으며(Korea National Statistical Office, 2007), 우리나라의 말기암환자는 매년 증가 하여 일년에 5-6만 여 명에 달하고 있어(Hong et al., 2007), 생존자에 대한 간호 못지 않게 생존불가능한 말기암 환자의 간호가 요구되는 실정이다. 대부분 암으로 진단을 받고 질병이 진행되는 과정에서 가 장 힘들어하는 증상 중의 하나는 통증으로, 이러한 통증은 환 자의 삶의 질을 좌우하는 가장 중요한 신체증상의 하나로 통증 은 환자의 신체적 쇠약, 기능상태 저하, 정서적 파괴, 사회적 불능, 삶의 의미 변화를 초래한다(Choi & Hong, 1995; Suh, Suh, & Lee, 1995).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of music therapy on pain, depression in terminally-ill patients. Methods: The subjects for this study were collected from 44 patients who were admitted in F hospital, located in D city from July 1 to July 31 in 2008. The subjects were divided into two groups: 23 experimental group members and 21 control members. While the control group was not received any additional intervention, the experimental group was received music therapy intervention. Data analysis were performed by the chi-square test, t-test and ANCOVA with SPSS/WIN 12.0 Program. Results: The 1st hypothesis is, “the experimental group who received music therapy would have less pain score than the control group who did not receive music therapy”, was rejected (F=2.33, p=.14). The 2nd hypothesis is, “the experimental group who received music therapy would have less depression score than the control group who did not receive music therapy”, was supported (F=11.616, p=.001). These results demonstrated that music therapy to terminally patients was an effective method in decreasing depression. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, Music therapy can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for the terminally ill.

Keyword :

Terminal cancer; Music therapy; Pain; Depression


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