pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

The Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Pain, Sleep, and Stride Length in the Elderly with Knee Osteoarthritis



INFORMATION : page. 142~148 / 2011 Vol.13 No.2


현대문명의 발달과 함께 최근 평균 수명의 증가로 65세 이상 노인의 80-85%는 하나 이상의 만성질환을 앓고 있으며 이들 중 80%는 통증을 경험한다(Ferrell, 1991). 관절염은 다른 근골격계 질환과 더불어 노인에게 나타나는 가장 흔한 질환으로 보고되고 있다. 그 중 퇴행성관절염은 방사선상으로 55세 이상의 약 80%, 75세 이상에서는 거의 전 인구가 퇴행성관절염 소견을 가지고 있으며, 나이가 많을수록 심하게 나타난다(Lee, Han, Lee & Lim, 2002). 퇴행성관절염은 관절운동의 장애, 관절통, 압통, 관절의 비대, 뻣뻣함 등을 초래하고 점차적으로 일상적인 활동을 어렵게 하여 사회적 기능도 감소시키며, 궁극적으로 삶의 질 저하에 영향을 미치므로 노인 건강문제에 있어서 해결되어야 할 매우 중요한 문제이다(Blixen & Kippes, 1999).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy massage in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Participants were assigned randomly to an intervention (n=21) group and a control (n=21) group. In order to increase a lasting effect of aromatherapy massage, an essential oil used in the form of cream. Each participant had aromatherapy massage on lower legs for 20 minutes each time twice a week for four weeks. Numerical rating scale was used for self-report of pain intensity. Sleep disturbance was measured by Korean Sleep Scale consisting of 15 items. Stride length had been obtained by measuring the distance from the heel of one foot to the heel of the other foot. Results: There was a significant difference between the pain scores of the experimental group and that of control group after the aromatherapy massage (p=.001). Whereas, no significant differences between sleep scores of the two groups (p=.592) was found. The experimental group's stride length significantly increased than those of the control group (p=.009). Conclusion: Aromatherapy massage could be recommended as an effective intervention to decease pain and to increase stride length in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis.

Keyword :

Osteoarthritis,Aromatherapy,Pain,Sleep,Stride Length,퇴행성 관절염,아로마요법,통증,수면,활보장


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