INFORMATION : page. 69~79 / 2014 Vol.16 No.2
2000년에 완성된 인간게놈프로젝트 이후, 유전학 및 유전체학 연구의 활성화는 희귀질환뿐만 아니라 암을 비롯한 다양한 질환이 어느 정도의 유전적 소인을 포함하고 있다는 결과를 매체를 통해 지속적으로 보도하고 있다(Son et al., 2008; Welcsh & King, 2001). 따라서 보건의료계에서는 암유전학, 유전약리학 및 유전상담 등을 통한 진단과 치료, 그리고 위험요소에 대한 예방 활동을 통하여 국민의 건강 증진을 도모하고 있다. 이와 같은 유전과학의 비약적인 발전에도 불구하고 일반 대중들의 유전 정보 및 유전 정보의 활용에 대한 이해는 제한적이다.
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to examine Korean undergraduate nursing students’ perceived knowledge and attitudes toward genetics. Nursing competencies for genetics among nursing students were also assessed. Methods: Two hundred eighty-six Korean junior and senior undergraduate nursing students who went through their clinical practicum completed a packet of self-report questionnaires exploring opinions about the integration of genetics into the nursing curriculum, as well as their perceived knowledge, attitudes, and nursing competencies toward genetics. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA. Results: Overall, Korean undergraduate nursing students reported limited genetic knowledge, but most of them were comfortable with drawing pedigree. In general, nursing students were competent in providing genetic nursing. Their genetic nursing competencies were significantly different depending on the level of general understanding of genetics. There was no significant difference between juniors and seniors regarding knowledge, attitudes, and competencies toward genetics. More than 60% of nursing students reported the need for genetic nursing, and the majority considered lectures to be the most effective method to learn genetic knowledge. Conclusion: It is imperative to integrate genetics into nursing curriculum in order to improve nursing students’ genetic nursing competencies as well as genetic knowledge.
Nursing students,Genetics,Knowledge,Attitude,Clinical competence,간호대학생,유전학,지식,태도,역량