의료 관련 감염은 침습성 의료기술의 발전, 항균제 내성균 및 면역저하자와 노령인구의 증가로 점차 증가하고 있으며, 감염률이 입원환자의 5-15%에 이르는 것으로 추정하고 있다. 의료 관련 감염의 원인으로는 환자와 접촉이 많은 의료인의 손을 통한 교차 감염과 같이 미생물의 직접적인 전파에 의한 것이 대부분이지만, 최근에는 청진기, 침상, 기구 표면과 병원 직원의 유니폼을 통한 황색포도알균이나 장알균의 간접 전파가 보고되고 있다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the contamination level of uniforms with nasal colonization of Staphylococcus aureus before and after the clinical practice of nursing students. Methods: This study was a survey research, conducting microbial culture by smearing the front surface and the pockets of uniforms, and the nasal cavity both before and after clinical practice on 70 nursing students. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, chi-square test, paired t-test were used for statistical analysis using SPSS 19.0. Results: The contamination level of uniforms increased more significantly after clinical practice on the front surface (p=.008) and pockets (p=.031) than before clinical practice, and Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterobacter aerogenes were detected. Conclusion: Through the results above, it is believed that it is reasonable to do the laundering of clinical uniforms of nursing students once a week. Because it is possible to disseminate disease germs with the contamination of clinical practice uniforms in a hospital environment, it is necessary to offer education for the laundering of uniforms with appropriate management.
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