pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Predictors of Poor Sleep Quality among Nursing Students


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INFORMATION : page. 98~104 / 2014 Vol.16 No.2


ABSTRACT

수면은 신체의 기능을 회복하고 힘과 건강을 유지하는 기전으로 신체적으로 그리고 정서적으로 재충전하는 효과가 있으며, 수면은 생존을 위해 필수적인 요소로 수면 부족 시에는 탈진, 혼돈과 짜증, 공격성 증가 등의 심리적 역기능이 발생하며 심한 경우 생리적 불안정이 유발될 수도 있으며(Foreman & Wykle, 1995; Pack, 2008), 수면장애는 삶의 질뿐만 아니라 사망률(Kripke et al., 2002), 고혈압(Gottlieb et al., 2006), 당뇨(Gottlieb et al., 2005), 비만(Ayas et al., 2003)에도 영향을 준다.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess sleep quality and to identify predictors of poor sleep quality in nursing students. Methods: The participants surveyed were 302 individuals at G College located in Kangwon-do. The participants completed the questionnaire including demographic characteristics, health behavior, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality. The BMI was calculated using height and weight. For the statistical analysis, χ2 test, Spearman correlation, and logistic regression were performed using the SAS window (version 9.2) program. Results: From the 302 individuals, 219 (72.5%) had poor sleep quality. The results showed significant correlations between physical activity and sleep quality, as well as between sleep duration and sleep quality. The BMI and sleep quality did not show any significant relationship. The factors affecting sleep quality were sleep latency (OR, 4.167; 95% CI, 1.406-12.344), sleep duration (OR, 6.717; 95% CI, 2.386-18.912), and sedentary hours (OR, 2.971; 95% CI, 1.095-8.064). Conclusion: The study demonstrates that poor sleep quality is common in nursing students, and intervention study is needed to improve sleep quality in nursing students. Additional studies are needed to determine the relationship between BMI and sleep quality.

Keyword :

Health behavior,BMI,Sleep quality,Nursing Students,신체적 활동,BMI,수면,간호대학생


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