구강건조 및 구취 등은 개인에게 불편감을 줄 뿐만 아니라 상대방에게 불쾌감을 유발하는 등 대인관계에도 영향을 미치는 요소 중 하나이며(Krespi, Shrime, & Kacker, 2006), 전신건강상태 및 건강관련 삶의 질과도 연관이 있다(Kim, Kang, & Jeong, 2010). 따라서 구강간호는 간호대상자의 안위를 살피는 간호사에게 있어서 기본적 간호중재 중 하나이다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of gargling with A-Solution and 0.9% normal saline on xerostomia, halitosis, and salivary pH among nursing students. Methods: The study design was a randomized, controlled trial. The experimental group received oral gargling treatment for 15 seconds with A-solution while the control group received oral gargling treatment for the same time with 0.9% normal saline. Outcome variables were measured at baseline, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes. Results: The groups were homogeneous in general characteristics, and the outcome variables before the treatment between the experimental group and the control group. 1) There were no significant differences in xerostomia, halitosis, and salivary pH between the two groups. 2) There were no significant differences in xerostomia, halitosis, and salivary pH based on the time. 3) There were significant interactions between group and time in subjective halitosis (F=3.766, p=.034) only. Conclusion: These findings indicate that oral gargling with Aroma solution and 0.9% normal saline could have the same effect of reducing xerostomia and halitosis in nursing students.
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